Maritime Monitor 2019

Ecorys has carried out this annual monitoring study for the maritime cluster on behalf of the Ministry of Infrastructure and Water Management and in cooperation with Stichting Nederland Maritiem Land. The Dutch maritime cluster consists of the following sectors: shipping, shipbuilding, offshore (energy), inland shipping, dredging, ports (cargo handling), navy, fishing, maritime services, yachtbuilding / watersport industry and marine equipment supply.


This study consists of a description and analysis of the economic and labour market for 2018. As well as the market trends from 2006-2018. A major change has been the revised method for data collection. On request of the Ministry of Infrastructure and Water Management there has been a close cooperation with Statistics Netherlands (CBS). The research team has provided CBS with input. CBS provides output results for the different indicators based on their own unique sources of data per sector. A pilot study was conducted for the offshore sector in the monitor to validate this new method.

The results under this new approach have been discussed with the different sectors involved. This has been done both in plenary as in separate interviews. These interviews were also used to discuss the main market trends.

Because of the focus on the new methodology only limited attention to the labor market is paid. Information on the regional effects of the maritime cluster is provided. Finally, this edition of the Maritime Monitor now replaces all previous editions.

The maritime cluster in 2018

The cluster generated a direct added value of €18.6 billion in the Netherlands. Indirectly, €7.5 billion was also added. The maritime cluster generates approximately 3.4% (2017: 3.0%) of the gross domestic product (GDP) of the Netherlands. In 2018, the maritime cluster employed 276,877 people, of which approximately 167,181 were direct labourers. As a result, the total number of employees in the maritime cluster is equal to 3.0% (2017: 2.9%) of employment in the Netherlands.

In 2018 the number of people employed in the Netherlands grew by 2.5%. The direct employment in the maritime sector grew by 1,3%. Indirect employment grew with more than 10%. Reason for this are higher employment multipliers in 2018. This implies that the backward effects of the cluster are larger. A job in the maritime cluster generates a larger number of jobs in sectors that work for the maritime cluster.

The direct added value of the maritime cluster has increased with 4.6% compared to the revised figures for 2017. The fact that this increase exceeds the rise in employment clearly shows signs of further economic recovery. The increase in the direct added value of the cluster is marginally lower than the GDP growth of the Netherlands (+4.9%).The indirect value added grew considerably by 65%. For total value added this means a 16% increase compared to 2017.

The total export of the maritime cluster amounted to €33 billion in 2018, an increase compared to 2017 (€31,6 billion). The export of the cluster has grown. The biggest sector is the ports sector. Second is the offshore sector with an estimated export figure of €6,7 billion in 2018. The maritime cluster accounts for 7% of all Dutch export value (total €496 billion).

Download summary Maritime Monitor 2019