Maritime monitor 2020
The cluster generated a direct added value of €19.7 billion in the Netherlands. Indirectly, € 5.1 billion was also added. The maritime cluster generates approximately 3.1% (2018: 3.2%) of the gross domestic product (GDP) of the Netherlands. In 2019, the maritime cluster employed 284,917 people, of which approximately 189,669 were direct labourers. As a result, the total number of employees in the maritime cluster is equal to 3.0% (2018: 3.0%) of employment in the Netherlands.
In 2019 the total number of people employed in the Netherlands grew by 1.9%. The direct employment in the maritime sector grew by 1.5%. Indirect employment declined with 3.2%. Reason for this are slightly lower employment multipliers in 2019. This implies that the backward effects of the cluster are smaller. A job in the maritime cluster generates a slightly smaller number of jobs in sectors that work for the maritime cluster.
The direct added value of the maritime cluster has been rather constant (equal to -0.4%) compared to the figures for 2018. The development of direct added value of the cluster is lower than the GDP growth of the Netherlands (+4.7%). The indirect value added grew by 2.1%. For total value added this means a minimal increase of 0.1% compared to 2018.
The total export of the maritime cluster amounted to € 30.4 billion in 2019, an increase compared to 2018 (€ 27,8 billion). The export of the cluster has grown. The biggest sector is the ports sector. Second is the shipping sector with an estimated export figure of € 6.3 billion in 2019. The maritime cluster accounts for roughly 6% of all Dutch export value (total € 516 billion).